Tall commercial buildings are primarily a response to the intense pressure on the available land. Advances in materials, construction technology, analytical methods and structural systems for analysis and design accelerated the development of tall structures. The lateral loading due to wind and earthquake is the major factor that causes the design of high-rise buildings. These lateral loads are resisted by exterior structural system or interior structural system. The lateral load resisting systems that are widely used are mainly rigid frame, shear wall, wall-frame, braced tube system, outrigger system, diagrid system and tubular system. Recent trend shows that the Diagrid structural system is becoming popular in the design of tall buildings due to its inherent structural and architectural advantages. Diagrid is an exterior structural system in which all perimeter vertical columns are eliminated and consists of only inclined columns on the façade of the building. Shear and over-turning moment developed are resisted by axial action of these diagonals compared to bending of vertical columns in framed tube structure.
Advantages of Diagrid Structures
- Diagrid has good appearance and it is easily recognized.
- The configuration and efficiency of a diagrid system reduce the number of structural element required on the façade of the buildings, therefore less obstruction to the outside view.
- The structural efficiency of diagrid system also helps in avoiding interior and corner columns, therefore allowing significant flexibility with the floor plan.
- Perimeter “diagrid” system saves approximately 20 percent structural steel weight when compared to a conventional moment-frame structure.